Hypoglycemia occurs when blood sugar (glucose) levels drop too low. There are several reasons why this can happen, but the most common cause of hypoglycemia is a side effect of medications used to treat diabetes.
Blood sugar regulation
When you eat, your body breaks down carbohydrates into different sugar molecules, including glucose, through foods like bread, rice, pasta, vegetables, fruit, and milk products.
Glucose is the body’s main source of energy. With the help of insulin, a hormone secreted by the pancreas, it enters the cells of most body tissues. Insulin causes glucose to enter the cells and provide the fuel your cells need. Excess glucose is stored in the liver and muscles in the form of glycogen.
If you haven’t eaten for several hours and blood sugar drops, another hormone from the pancreas alerts the liver to break down stored glycogen and release glucose into the bloodstream. This will bring your blood sugar back to normal so you can eat again.
The body also has the ability to make glucose. This process occurs mainly in the liver and some in the kidneys.
Good food choices for the disease include:
It is recommended to limit the consumption of juices in the breakfast and only consume juices that do not have added sugar because the added sugar disturbs the blood sugar balance.